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准高一看过来!人教版英语必修1重点词汇、短语、句型汇总

  • 时间:
  • 2020-08-13 15:55:17
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  • 状元教育
  • 作者:
  • 小白
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  • 329

为了帮助大家迎接新高一,今天给大家整理了一些新高一课本上常用的单词和短语,各位准高一的家长同学赶紧收藏起来哦!

Unit1 Friendship

【重点词汇、短语】

1. add up 合计

2. upset vt&vi 弄翻,使…不安,使心烦,扰乱

adj. 心烦意乱的,不舒服的,不适的,难过的.

3. ignore不理睬、忽视

4. calm (使)平静、(使)镇定

calm down 平静/镇定下来

5. have got to 不得不、必须

6. concern (使)担忧、涉及、关系到

be concerned about…关心,挂念

7. go through 经历、经受

8. set down 记下、放下、登记

9. a series of 一系列

10. on purpose 故意

11. in order to 为了……

12. at dusk 在黄昏时刻

13. face to face 面对面地

14. no longer/not…any longer 不再……

15. settle 安家、定居、停留

16. suffer 遭受、忍受、经历

17. suffer from 遭受、患病

18. recover 痊愈、恢复、重新获得

19. get/be tired of 对……厌烦

20. pack 捆扎,包装/包裹

21. pack (sth) up 将(东西)装箱打包

22. get along with 与……相处

23. fall in love 爱上

24. disagree 不同意

25. join in 参加

【重点句型】

1. It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face. (从句时态用完成时)

这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。

2. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.(强调句)

我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

3. I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself.

有一天晚上,我熬到11点半故意不睡觉,为的是独自好好看看月亮一次。

4. Your friend, who doesn’t work hard, asks you to help him cheat in the end-of-term exam.(非限制性定语从句)

你的一个朋友叫你在期末考试中帮他作弊,这个朋友平常不认真学习。

5. If you have some trouble (in) getting along with your friends, you can write to the editor and ask for advice.

如果你在和朋友的相处上有问题,你可以写信给编辑向他征求建议。

6. Add up your score and see how many points you can get.

把你的得分加起来,看看得了多少。

7. What he did has added to our difficulties.

他的所作所为增加了我们的困难。

8. His income adds up to $1000 a month.

他每月的收入共计1000美元。

9. It's no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

观看这些已不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必须体验的。

10. Why is she so concerned about his attitude to her work?

她为什么那么关注他对她的工作的看法?

11. The police asked him to set down what he had seen in a report.

警察让他在报告中写下他所看见的事情。

12. As I was about to go out and search for him, he happened to come in.

正当我打算出去找他时,他恰巧进来。

13. Mr. Jones lives alone and often feels lonely.

琼斯先生单独一人生活,常常感到孤独。

14. We tried to calm him down, but he kept crying.

我们试图让他平静下来,但他仍不停地哭着。

15) Does he dare (to) go out at night in such stormy weather?

他敢在这样一个暴风雨夜外出吗?

16. He would go through fire and water for his country.

他愿为国家赴汤蹈火。

17. That country suffered a heavy loss in the flood.

那个国家在水灾中遭受严重的损失。

image.png 

【语法总结】

直接引语和间接引语(一)

直接引语:直接引述别人的原话。一般前后要加引号。

间接引语:用自己的话转述别人的话。间接引语在多数情况下可构成宾语从句且不要加引号。

例:Mr. Black said, “ I’m busy.”

Mr. Black said that he was busy.

变化规则

1. 陈述句的变化规则

直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时,用连词that(可省略)引导,从句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语都要发生相应的变化。

1)人称的变化——人称的变化主要是要理解句子的意思

例:1. He said, “ I like it very much.” → He said that he liked it very much.

2. He said to me, “I'v left my book in your room.”

→ He told me that he had left his book in my room.

例:“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne.

→Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.

The boy said, “I’m using a knife.”

→ The boy said that he was using a knife.

注意:如果直接引语是客观真理,变为间接引语时,时态不变,如:

He said, “Light travels much faster than sound.”

He said that light travels much faster than sound.

3)指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化

image.png 

2. 疑问句的变化规则

如果直接引语是疑问句,变为间接引语时要把疑问句语序变为陈述句语序,句末用句号。

1)一般疑问句:如果直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,谓语动词是say或said时,要改为 ask 或asked,原问句变为由if/whether 引导的宾语从句。

:“Do you think a diary can become your friend?” the writer says.

→ The writer asks us if we think a diary can become our friend.

2)特殊疑问句:如果间接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原来的引导词,但疑问句要变为陈述句。

例:“What do you want?” he asked me.

→ He asked me what I wanted

Unit2 English around the world

【重点词汇、短语】

1. because of 因为、由于

2. come up 走近、上来、提出

3. actually 实际上、事实上

4. base 以…为基础,根基

5. at present 目前

6. make use of 利用

7. such as 例如

8. command 命令、指令、掌握

9. request 请求、要求

10. play a part/role in 扮演一个角色

11. recognize 辨认出、承认、公认

12. straight 直接、挺直、笔直的

13. be different from 与…不同

be the same as 和…一样

14. one another 相互,彼此(=each other)

15. at the end of 在…结束时

16. because of 因为(后接名词或名词性短语)

because 因为(后接句子)

17. be based on 根据,依据

18. at present 目前;当今

19. especially 特别,尤其

specially 专门地

20. make use of 利用…

make the best of 充分利用…

21. a large number of 大量的,很多(作主语时,谓语动词用复数)

the number of …的数量(作主语时,谓语动词用单数)

22. in fact = actually= as a matter of fact 事实上

23. make lists of… 列清单

24. included 包括(前面接包括的对象)

including包括(后面接包括的对象)

25. command sb. to do sth. 命令某人去做某事

command + that 从句(从句用should+V原)

26. request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

request + that 从句(从句用should+V原)

【重点句型】

1. World Englishes come from those countries where English plays an important role as a first or second language, either because of foreign rule or because of its special role as an international language.(定语从句)

世界英语来自那些以英语为第一或第二语言的国家,英语在这些国家起重要作用,或是因为外国的统治,或是因为其作为国际语言的特殊地位。

2. All languages change when cultures communicate with one another.

当不同的语言互相沟通时,所有的语言都会发生变化。

3. Actually, the English spoken between about AD 450 and 1150 was based more on German than present day English.

实际上,从公元450年到1150年,人们所说的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。

4. Would you please come up to my flat for a visit?

请到我的公寓里来坐坐,好吗?

5. Believe it or not, he cheated in the exams.

信不信由你,他在考试中作弊。

6. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.

以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。

7. Today the number of people learning English in China is larger than even before.

目前在中国学习英语的人数比以往任何时候都多。

8. It is the duty of a government to provide education for the children of its country. (it作形式主语)

政府的责任是为其国家的小孩提供教育。

9. Reading is one of the best ways of improving your vocabulary and usage.

阅读是帮助你改善词汇及其用法的最好方法之一。

10. Giving commands is less polite than making a request.

发号命令比发出请求粗鲁。

11. We asked her for directions and she told us to go round the corner on the left and keep going straight for two blocks.

我们向她问路,她告诉我们往左边拐弯后直走两个街区。

12. He knows several languages, such as English, French and German.

他懂几种语言,例如英语、法语和德语。

【语法总结】

直接引语和间接引语(二)

3. 祈使句的变化规则

如果直接引语是祈使句,变为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式,并根据句子意思在不定式前加上tell/ask/order等动词,如果祈使句是否定句,在不定式前面还要加上not。

例:The hostess said to us, “Please sit down.”

→ The hostess asked us to sit down.

He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.”

→ He told the boys not to make so much noise.

Unit3 Travel journal

【重点词汇、短语】

1. travel----泛指旅行

journey----指长时间长距离的陆上旅行

voyage----指长距离的水上旅行,也可以指乘飞机旅行

trip----常指短时间短距离的旅行

tour----指周游,巡回旅游

2. prefer A to B 比起B,更喜欢A

prefer doing to doing 比起做…,宁愿做…

prefer to do rather than do 与其做…, 不如…

3. flow through 流过,流经

4. ever since 自从

5. persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

6. be fond of 喜欢

7. insist on doing 坚持做某事

insist + that 从句(用should+ V原)

8. care about 关心

9. change one’s mind 改变想法

10. altitude 高度

attitude 态度,看法

11. make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事

= decide to do = make a decision to do

12. give in 让步,屈服

give up 放弃

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