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超全整理:初中英语首字母填空和阅读理解训练

  • 时间:
  • 2020-03-29 11:12:37
  • 来源于:
  • 状元教育
  • 作者:
  • 小白
  • 浏览量:
  • 888

今天小编给大家整理一份与当下热点话题相关的初中英语完形填空和阅读理解的训练,有疫情推迟开学与心理防疫、钟南山与线上教育、火神山医院与公共卫生事件等热点话题。

时文阅读:火神山医院

首字母填空

Recently, one new disease NCP (新型冠状病毒肺炎) broke out in Wuhan. It has spread to other c___1____, including the United States and Japan. Local government is trying to do something u____2___ to stop the further development of this disease. In order to control the spread of the disease, Huoshenshan Hospital was set up in Wuhan. It was b____3____ in just ten days. It is used to treat patients infected with the NCP.

More than 7,500 workers and around 1,000 trucks and large pieces of machinery have been working at the Huoshenshan Hospital site day and night. Around 400 rooms in the hospital have already been finished so far. The project began on January 25 and finished on February 2. And 1,400 doctors began to treat patients in Huoshenshan Hospital. There are 1,000 beds for patients in Huoshenshan Hospital. China also built a s___4____ hospital in Wuhan for treating the patients, with1,600 beds.

Leishenshan Hospital was completed on February 5. The hospital r___5___ the stress resulting from the increasing number of patients. This played an important role in fighting the NCP.

时文阅读:全球公共卫生事件

阅读理解

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared (宣布) the new coronavirus (冠状病毒) outbreak a global public health emergency after the spread of the disease across the world. WHO made the decision in its third meeting about the coronavirus, after it decided not to take such a step in the first two meetings.

Officially called a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), it is considered to be a public health risk through the international spread of disease. It suggests a serious, sudden and unusual situation in which the world must act quickly.

Since 2009, there have been a few global health emergencies, including the 2009 swine flu pandemic (猪流感) and the 2014 outbreak of ebola in West Africa.

The new coronavirus has got attention because of its similarity to SARS which killed about 800 people across the world in 2002-2003. So far, the new coronavirus does not seem to be as deadly as SARS, but there have been more cases.

Its declaration could cause trade and travel restrictions (限制). Those who have made holiday plans might have their plans affected (受影响的) in some parts of the world.

The WHO said its greatest worry was the potential (潜在性) for the virus to spread to countries with weaker health systems, who might not be able to handle (处理) it.

“We are all in this together and we can only stop it together,” said the WHO’s Director General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

阅读短文,从每小题所给的选项中选择能回答问题的最佳选项。

6. What does the underlined phrase “take such a step” mean in the first paragraph?

A. Spread the coronavirus across the world.

B. Declare the coronavirus a global public health emergency.

C. Hold the third meeting about the coronavirus.

D. Restrict trade and travel across the world.

7. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. The 2009 swine flu pandemic was a global public health emergency.

B. SARS killed about 800 people across the world in 2009.

C. The new coronavirus has few cases than SARS.

D. The spread of the coronavirus has no risk.

8. What could the declaration of global public health emergency cause?

A. Bigger outbreak of the coronavirus.

B. Trade and travel restrictions.

C. A weaker health system.

D. Immediate stop of the coronavirus.

超全整理:初中英语首字母填空和阅读理解训练


全文翻译

在全球范围内蔓延后,世界卫生组织宣布新型冠状病毒疫情成为全球性的突发公共卫生事件。世卫组织在第三次会议上作出了此决定,此前世卫组织在前两次会议上并没有这样的决定。

它被官方称为国际关注的突发公共卫生事件(PHEIC),它被认为是通过国际传播而造成的公共卫生风险。它暗示着一种严重的、突然的和不寻常的情况,在这种情况下,世界必须迅速采取行动。

自2009年以来,出现了一些全球卫生紧急情况,包括2009年猪流感大流行以及2014年西非爆发的埃博拉病毒 。

这种新的冠状病毒因其与2002-2003年间在全球造成800人死亡的非典相似而备受关注。到目前为止,这种新的冠状病毒并不像非典那样致命,但已经有了更多的病例。

其声明可能导致贸易和旅行限制。那些制定了假期计划的人可能会影响他们在世界的某些地方旅行的计划。。

世界卫生组织说它最担心的是病毒传播到卫生系统较弱的国家的潜在性。这些卫生系统较弱的国家可能无法处理这种新冠病毒。

世卫组织总干事泰德罗斯·阿德哈农·戈巴耶苏斯说:“我们都在同一条船上,我们只能一起阻止它。”

答案:

1.countries 2.useful 3.built

4.second 5.reduced 6-8 BAB

时事阅读:完形填空

As the saying goes, “A hero is known in the time of misfortune(不幸)”. Zhong Nanshan is a hero like this. He is a doctor in Guangdong, who many people’s lives in 2003.

In 2003, SARS in Guangdong. Later, it spread across China and other parts of the world. Patients coughed a lot and got fevers. Hundreds of even died from the disease. Even many doctors and nurses got SARS when they treated patients. So everyone was afraid of it. But Zhong was enough to fight the disease. Zhong spent days and nights to find the cause the disease. And with his way of treating, many patients began to get better. Zhong finally won people’s trust.

In early 2020, a disease called Novel coronavirus pneumonia ( 新型冠状病毒肺炎) hit Wuhan. It spread around tens of thousands of Chinese people were infected ( 感 染 ). Zhong, 84, led team to Wuhan to fight the illness. Zhong’s team took many measures to cure the patients with Novel coronavirus pneumonia. He advised people to wear masks, hands frequently(频繁地), stay at home and not to go to crowed places.

Zhong likes sports very much. 9 he was 67, he could still play basketball. Now at the age of 84, Zhong still treats patients in the hospital and 10 young doctors. “I am just a doctor.” Zhong says. But we think he is a hero and a fighter.

1. A. helped B. saved C. liked D. influenced

2. A. took out B. found out

C. gave out D. broke out

3. A. patients B. adults C. animals D. birds

4. A. kind B. poor C. brave D. silent

5. A. with B. to C. of D. in

6. A. quickly B. slowly C. safely D. luckily

7. A. my B. his C. her D. their

8. A. weigh B. pollute C. shake D. wash

9. A. When B. Although C. Unless D. Because

10. A. thinks B. trusts C. teaches D. asks

阅读理解

On January 27, in order to win the new pneumonia Resistance War(抗击新型肺炎战), the Ministry of Education issued(教育部公布) a notice on putting off the start time of school in spring 2020. It was said that school should not start before March. The exact start time of school will depend on situations and further notices.

However, many parents are very worried that putting off the start of school may affect(影响) children’s studies. If they have such a long winter vacation, children will not learn any knowledge, read books or study at all. They may forget what they have learned before. Staying at home for a long time will make them keep eating, sleeping and playing, which seriously affect their physical and mental health.

In short, the close of school influences learning and develops bad habits, so how should we avoid these problems? Local education departments have also issued a notice, that is, to organize online teaching and create a network platform(平台), where necessary courses will be shown every day, and online teaching will be given by excellent teachers of the subject, and students can learn at home through computer or mobile network.

It should be said that such a method is very good. It can not only keep students indoors and not worry about the infection(感染) of the disease, but also make them study at home, improve their learning ability, and truly achieve “no suspension of classes”. Both the platform itself and the recorded lesson resources are more useful, and are welcomed by parents and teachers.

Of course, except for learning at home, it is also necessary to teach children about health knowledge, especially how to keep away from touching virus and other knowledge popularization; at the same time, it is also necessary for children to do some physical exercises or some games, which is good for physical health at home.

11. Parents worried about putting off the start time of school because _______.

A. children may be infected by virus

B. they don’t like the idea of online learning

C. children’s study may be affected

D. parents have no time to look after children

12. Except for learning at home, what is also necessary according to the writer?

A. To keep playing online games.

B. To keep touching different people.

C. To do some physical exercises outside.

D. To teach children about health knowledge.

13. The underlined word “suspension” in Paragraph 4 probably means _______ .

A. plan B. stop C. growth D. change

14. Which is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Students would rather go to school.

B. The date of going to school is decided.

C. Online teaching will help students study.

D. Parents believe children can teach themselves.

15. What’s the best title for this passage?

A. A Special Way to Learn at Home

B. A New War with a New Chance

C. A Way to Keep Mentally Healthy

D. A Method to Make Parents Worried

答案:

1-5 BDACC

6-10 ABDBC

11-15 CDBCA

时文阅读:疫情推迟开学

选词填空

so show through use teach

worry say stay physics study

On January 27, in order to win the new pneumonia Resistance War(抗击新型肺炎战), the Ministry of Education issued(教育部公布) a notice on putting off the start time of school in spring 2020. It was that school should not start before March. The exact start time of school will depend on situations and further notices. However, many parents are very that putting off the start of school may affect(影响)children’s studies. If they have such a long winter vacation, children will not learn any knowledge, read books or study at all.They may forget what they have learned before. at home for a long time will make them keep eating, sleeping and playing, which seriously affect their physical and mental health.

In short, the close of school influences learning and develops bad habits,how should we avoid these problems? Local education departments have also issued a notice, that is, to organize online teaching and create a network platform(平台), where necessary courses will be every day, and online teaching will be given by excellent teachers of the subject, and students can learn at home ____computer or mobile network.

It should be said that such a method is very good. It cannot only keep students indoors and not worry about the infection(感染) of the disease, but also make them at home, improve their learning ability, and truly achieve “no suspension of classes”. Both the platform itself and the recorded lesson resources are ,and are welcomed by parents and teachers.

Of course, except for learning at home, it is also necessary children about health knowledge, especially how to keep away from touching virus and other knowledge popularization; at the same time, it is also necessary for children to do some 10 exercises or some games, which is good for physical health at home.

时文阅读:心理防疫

阅读理解

Wearing a mask while sleeping at home sounds a little crazy.But Wu Keying did so during the novel coronavirus outbreak. “I feared that I would be infected. Now I know it’s not necessary to do so. But I am still worried about when the epidemic will end,” said the 13-year-old from Chengdu, Sichuan province. Being stuck inside makes her feel anxious.

In fact, many people have experienced feelings like Wu.Nearly 80 percent of people are deeply worried about the outbreak, while 40percent strongly fear it, according to a survey released on Jan 27 by theChinese Academy of Social Sciences.

These emotions (情绪) are normal for people who are going through stressful events, according to Wang Weihua, an expert on positive psychology (积极心理学). “Some stressful reactions (反应) can help us fight the virus,” Wang said. “We take more protective actions, such as wearing masks and washing hands often, for example.”

But if these feelings last too long, it will be bad for our mental (心理的) health, Wang added. So how can we stay positive?

First, we should learn to accept unexpected changes in life,wrote Xiong Kewei, a psychological consultant (咨询师) at Beijing Normal University. We might learn new lessons from these changes, like respecting (尊重) nature and being more responsible (有担当的).

Another useful way to stay positive is to stick to a normal routine (正常作息).

“The key is to take good care of the body, arrange a reasonable schedule, ensure adequate sleep and diet, and get the necessary rest and relaxation,” Zhang Hong, deputy chief physician of Wuhan Mental Health Center, told China Daily.

阅读短文,从每小题所给的选项中选择能回答问题的最佳选项。

11. Wu Keying wore a mask while sleeping because _____.

A. her parents told her to do so

B. it’s the best way to avoid infection

C. one of her family members was infected

D. she was scared of being infected

12. What do we know from Paragraph 2?

A. Many people feel worried about the virus.

B. We shouldn’t worry too much about the virus.

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